How to Create an Underwater Garden

How to Create an Underwater Garden

There is no limit to what you can create with your Aquascaping design skills. In fact, there are so many projects you can engage in and create something that really stands out. One of the best aquarium projects that you can create today is the underwater garden. Here is how to do it:

A post on Instructable states that the first step to creating an underwater garden is to choose a design. The design can be simple or complex, depending on what you like.

Choosing and Creating a Design

I like to start my aquascaping by sketching a basic design of what you wish your aquascape to look like. You can create your own, model it off of a premade aquascape, or turn your favourite nature landscape into your very own aquascape, the picture above is of an old one that I made. Here are a few tips to designing a beautiful aquascape.

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You can come up with your own design ideas. But, if you do not want to think too much, you can check other people’s ideas and plan on implementing them.

Once you choose your design, you will need to choose the best plants to use. Dave’s Garden states that you must be careful when choosing your plants, so you can take home only what’s suitable for an underwater garden.

Choose the Right Underwater Garden Plants

Plants. Most pet stores that sell fish, sell aquatic plants. Be careful though. Some of the plants they sell are not true underwater plants. They will survive for a while but eventually fade and die. Some house plants I have seen being sold as aquatic plants are Spider Plant and Aluminum Plant(Pilea cadierei). Having an underwater tropical paradise might be a wee bit more expensive than a terrarium, but once established is relatively low maintenance. My best advice to you would be to start small and simple.

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Choosing the right plant is not easy. This will take time. And, it might cost you some extra bucks. But if you trend carefully, you should get the best plants to use.

One of the most important things stated on Parade is the importance of paying more attention the healthy planting practices.

Planting and Maintenance

Planting tips. Weigh plant roots down with heavy items such as pebbles, small rocks, gravel, horticultural sand and decorative marbles. In the aquatic plant garden pictured in this article, Palmer stitched plants onto bogwood with dark cotton thread. Driftwood can also be used.

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And remember, you need to maintain your garden is you want it to last for a very long time.  Do not just create an underwater garden and forget you ever designed one.


If you have never setup an underwater garden before, this project may be quite challenging. At the end of the day, though continuous practice can help you get better at it. In fact, as long as you implement the guides provided, there is no reason why you should not create a high quality design.

Best Aquascaping Plants to use in your Fish Tank

Best Aquascaping Plants to use in your Fish Tank

There might be quite a lot to consider when you are looking forward to add some plants to your fish tank. But complicated rules and considerations about Aquascaping design patterns and plants should not scare you. There are varieties of low maintenance weeds available in the market that you can choose from. Below are some of the best aquascaping plants you can use this year.

According to Aquascape Addiction, java moss is the most common plant you will see in almost all aquariums. It grows fast just like weeds do.

Java Moss

You’ll see later that there are some popular plants in this list. Well, this is the most popular freshwater aquarium plant you’ll find in the hobby. It’s almost impossible to completely kill with even the most basic of maintenance, and—when done correctly—still makes for incredibly beautiful aquariums. This winning combination is what makes this plant so popular. It’s also perfectly suitable for breeding fish and shrimp—its microscopic bacterial life provides a great supplementary food source for fry.

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The plant can also do well in medium lighting conditions.It is usually trimmed earlier to maintain its carpet like appearance. The plant will have to be anchored to prevent it from floating.

Kobi Pets gives this plant the win when it comes to sheer versatility. Most of the time as it serves its purposes you may use it the way you want.

American Water Fern

You can expect it to reach a maximum of 22 inches in height and around 8 inches in width under optimal lighting and CO2 conditions.

Planting is quite peculiar in a sense that you can’t just put it in soil and wait for it to grow. Instead, you must attach it to something – usually a piece of wood or a rock. The best way to attach it is to use cotton threads because they are soft and dissolve over time without polluting the sensitive environment.

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Most people use it for background purposes. But it would be best if it were a mid-ground barrier. Overall, in the end of it all it comes to your own preferences.

The Aquarium Guide found out that Dwarf Hairgrass is a carpeting plant for freshwater aquariums. With this type of plant the aquariums possibilities are endless. Contracting with dark sand soil and a being nest to stones make the plant appear beautiful. The plant that you can grow very easily thus, you will not have to trim it every time.

Dwarf Hairgrass

Appearance: Small to medium sized strands of what would appear to be grass. Carpets easily in most environments. Water Preferences: Tolerates most environments. Grows best in water that’s 72-78 degrees Farenheight. Lighting Preferences: Grows best in bright lighting conditions

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You will also have to provide some basic needs for plants to flourish. Some of these are CO2, light and nutrients. They are very important to plants as they grow in the aquarium. Having the three aspects right guarantees you a great plant growth in your aquarium. 


While most plants aren’t as sensitive as fish when it comes to water parameters, you’ll still need to provide some basic needs for plants to flourish. This is true of all plants, but when you’re growing live plants in an aquarium, it’s even more important.

The benefits of Aquascaping Plants

The benefits of Aquascaping Plants

What first comes to your mind when you look at an aquarium? For most people, the size and design of the tank isn’t often the first thing that grabs attention. Instead, it’s the plants and animals in the water. Plants aren’t just decorations that make an aquatic environment exotic. And if you have been treating them that way then there is one more thing that you have forgotten: the benefits.

An article published on Aquarium Info shows that plants aren’t just used to balance the water environment in the sense of putting them together with plants and other objects. They also help in reducing algae.

Plants Can Help Reduce Algae in Aquarium

Growth of algae in the aquarium can be both irritating and relentless. Aquatic plants have the benefit of competing with the algae for key nutrients. These nutrients (Iron, Nitrates, Potassium & Trace Elements) are key to all plant growth in the aquarium. By adding plants that consume these nutrients from the water column it is possible for the plants to starve the algae.

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We know for a fact that algae is an unwanted plant. And that means we have no reason to let them thrive in the aquarium tank. The best way to control the algae is to ensure the tank has plants.

An aquarium with fish but without plant isn’t quite balanced. Home Aquaria states that animals like fish are very territorial, which means they are highly likely to do well in areas that have aquatic plants. 

Aquatic Plants Create Home for Water Animals

Sometimes certain species of fish can be very territorial. Plants allow different species of livestock to coexist by providing cover and protection. Some types of fish even breed and lay eggs on the leaves of the plants. With the presence of plants, the ratio of number of fish per gallon is greatly increased.

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If you are wondering whether to include fish-friendly plants in the tank, this would be the best time to start doing so.

The Aquarium Guide gives another good reason why Aquascaping plants are important. According to the author, the plants make a great source of food for the fish in your aquarium. By including them, your fish can have food to eat in the event that you have forgotten to feed them.

Plants Are Additional Source of Food

Do not worry; your fish will not devour your real plants in a few weeks. You feed them every day and they seem happy with this,but what if you forget to feed them for a few days? This situation occurs occasionally and real plants can be their salvation.

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Of course, the fish won’t consume all the plants. And most of the time they won’t even be interested. But since they are omnivores, they will need to eat plants once in a while, a good reason to have plants in your aquarium.

Final Thoughts

As you can see, natural plants have many health advantages. They are not like plastic plants. Plastic plants aren’t a good source of food for fish, they don’t create a good animal environment either. With real aquatic plants, you create a real natural environment.

The Uniqueness of an Aquarium with Artificial Plants

The Uniqueness of an Aquarium with Artificial Plants

Aquascaping is all about creativity. Sometimes it is a mix of imaginations and ideas. Sometimes it is a combination of the three. The ultimate goal is to create an aquarium that truly stands out. Have you ever looked at the sample projects of the Father of Aquascaping, Takashi Amano, and wondered how he did it? It was a combination of hard work, ideas, imagination, and creativity.

One of the most popular aquarium projects that you may want to set up is an aquarium with artificial plants. This might take quite some time to set up. And, it can be either simple or complex depending on your skills.

Practical Fish Keeping describes an aquarium with artificial plants as a project that really stands out. If you think of it, it is something you do not just want to check out. It is a whole new concept that you might want to try.

Plastic Plants in Aquascaping: Do They Really Have any Benefit?

Plastic plants may be rubbished by some purists and, if I’m going down the biotope route, I will of course try to use natural products wherever possible. However, artificial plants definitely have their place, not just with beginners but more seasoned aquarists too.They aren’t fussy about water either, so can be used to great effect with no detriment to water conditions. They’re easy to clean too, meaning a simple wipe with an algae pad, brush or spray with the shower head will remove any algae and detritus, and make them look as good as new again.

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Let’s summarize the point this way:  an artificial aquarium is something every onlooker will fall in love with right on the first sight. It attracts a kind of an obsession that’s not so quite common for ordinary aquariums.

Besides attracting attention, artificial plant aquariums are both flexible and easy to maintain. Foster Smith agrees natural aquariums are detailed and real. But they are quite complex to maintain. Artificial plant aquariums are the exact opposite.

The Flexibility of Aquariums with Artificial Plants

Artificial plants are now available in fresh and saltwater species, plastic or “silk-like” construction, and a range of colors and sizes for foreground, mid-ground, and background planting. The use of artificial plants is now limited only by your preferences and your imagination.Artificial plants arrive essentially ready to use. You need only place them in your desired location. Simply rinse them prior to installing them in your aquarium. If you wish, you can also soak plants in warm water (to relax the fabric and give them an even more realistic look) for 15-30 minutes prior to placement.

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A flexible aquarium is, of course, easy to manage. The fact that your creation is limited only to your imagination, creativity, and preferences means that you can use artificial plants in so many different ways.

Let’s be honest. Setting up an aquarium with real plants is downright hectic. That’s because it is both expensive and time-consuming. Maybe you are not interested in an aquarium with artificial plant because you think they don’t look life-like, but Home Aquaria states that they really look great.

Planted Aquarium Cost Less and Looks Life-Like

Silk versions of live plants are almost indistinguishable from the live plants themselves- sometimes they look better- and cost less because additional equipment is required to run a tank with live plants. Most planted aquariums require fertilizers, carbon dioxide and strong flourescent lighting, (which additionally is unpleasant for residential or office lighting and can even trigger migraines in guests or clients.)

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The one thing about natural plants is they require strong lighting, artificial fertilizers, as well as carbon dioxide. These aren’t just toxic to plants; they are also not as friendly to the environment as natural fertilizers are.

Final Thoughts

The most important takeaway is this: there is no right or wrong way to set up your aquarium. In fact, the kind of an aquarium that you can design is only limited to your thoughts and imagination. Right now, try and experiment with the concept of aquarium with artificial plants.